Discovering the Oldest Man-made Structures on Earth

January 22, 2009
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75,000 years ago early humans built a stone calendar that predates all other man-made structures found to date. This ‘African Stonehenge’ has for the first time created a link to the countless other stone ruins in southern Africa and suggests that these ruins are much older than we thought. The complex that links Waterval Boven, Machadodorp, Carolina and Dullstroom, covers an area larger then modern-day Johannesburg.

Six years of research by a group of independent scientists and explorers has delivered what may be the crucial missing elements in our understanding of the lives and development of early modern humans. Their discovery has been released in a book they call Adam’s Calendar. But the research has also shown that these stone settlements represent the most mysterious and misunderstood structures found to date. It points to a civilisation that lived and dug for gold in this part of the world for thousands of years. And if this is in fact the cradle of humankind, we may be looking at the activities of the oldest civilisation on Earth.

Johan Heine manages the largest group of fire fighters and fire fighting fleet of aircraft in Africa. As a pilot he has been flying over the mountains of Mpumalanga for over 20 years. He instantly took a keen interest and started photographing thousands of strange circular stone ruins that lie scattered throughout this region. After consulting various so-called experts on their origins he was informed that these were merely remains of “cattle kraal” left behind by the migrating Bantu people from the north in the 14th century until about the 18th century. But it was an almost fatal air crash by one of his crew that brought him to discover the mysterious monolithic circle we now call Adam’s Calendar and put the entire mystery of these ancient ruins into perspective.

Johan spotted the strange monoliths standing upright in the centre of a larger eroded circular structure, right on the edge of a high mountain cliff. After dealing with the crashed aircraft and recovering the pilot who only suffered a broken arm, Johan returned to investigate the monoliths. This is when he truly discovered how amazingly blind, ‘those who will not see’ can be. He brought about 5 academics to the site in search of explanations, but not one of them could see the true significance of the discovery, claiming that these were just random stones.

This was a big blow to his original excitement but like a true explorer he did not stop there.

The site is situated on the edge of what is known as the Transvaal Escarpment which is geologically black reef quartzite, rich in gold. This is incidentally where the gold rush took place in the early 1800’s. But the monoliths at Adam’s Calendar are all dolerite. The closest vein of dolerite to the site is about a kilometre away. This means that the architects went to a lot of trouble to get the monoliths there. The central monolith is purposefully carved to allow the setting sun to cast a shadow on what we call the flat calendar monolith.

Johan began to measure and calculate the layout and parameters of the monoliths. Using his years of experience in aeronautical science and navigation he very quickly realised that the circular structure was purposefully designed and aligned to the cardinal points of Earth, including equinoxes and solstices.

But it was only six years later and many more explorations with amazing new discoveries on every trip to the mountain top, that the site was accurately surveyed and the true age of the monoliths was revealed. It turned out that the north, south east, west alignment is out by 3 degrees – 17 minutes – 43 sec. This means that we are dealing with a structure at least 25,000 years old based on archaeoastronomic calculations. Further studies of the geology, erosion, alignments with stars and lichen growth has allowed us to reach reasonable sound and scientific conclusion that this site is at least 75,000 years old, and possibly even older.

Mysterious ancient ruins of southern Africa. It is estimated that there are over 20,000 ancient stone ruins scattered throughout the mountains of southern Africa. Modern historians have been speculating about the origins of these ruins, often calling them ‘cattle kraal of little historic importance’. The truth of the matter is that closer scientific inspection paints a completely different and astonishing new picture about the ancient history of these stone ruins of southern Africa. The scientific reality is that we actually know very little about these spectacular ancient ruins and it is a great tragedy that thousands have already been destroyed through sheer ignorance by forestry, farmers and development.

After my personal explorations on foot and by air over the past year in 2008, I can confidently estimate the number of ancient stone ruins to be closer to 100,000.

This figure was confirmed by Prof. Revil Mason in January 2009.

This immediately poses a huge problem for archaeologists, anthropologists and historians because the accepted history of this part of the planet does not at any time in our past place anywhere nearly enough people here to have built this number of structures. It gets even more complex when you realise that these were not just isolated structures left behind by migrating hunter-gatherers. The true reality hits you when you take in the magnitude and expanse of these settlements and witness the staggering number of ancient terraces that surround these settlements that cover over 200,000 square kilometres and possibly much more. A detailed archaeological scrutiny of photographic evidence of some of these terraces shows some to be at least 5000 years old.

The complex that links Waterval Boven, Machadodorp, Carolina and Dullstroom, covers around 5,000 square kilometres, which is a larger area then modern-day Johannesburg.

Most of the original settlement structures are well buried beneath the soil and can only be seen from the air by a sensitised observer. It gets even more confusing when you observe the ancient roads that link all these settlements together and span what we have estimated to be at least 500 kilometres. The position of the ancient road sections that we have discovered suggest that it once ran continuously from the coast of Mozambique to Botswana and possibly beyond. A rough calculation shows that the original ancient roads would have required over 500 million stones of between 10 and 50 kilograms to construct. If we assume that the roads only make up 2 percent of the ancient settlements, the number of stones required to build the entire ancient city/settlement becomes unthinkable. This is simply not possible with the current model of ancient civilisation in southern Africa. The other issue we need to deal with is the need for roads, since it was previously believed that the wheel only arrived in this part of the world with the Portuguese explorers in the 1400’s.

While some archaeological digs have been performed at well publicised locations like Thula Mela, the mistake these explorers make is to stop digging when they find the first layer of remains and artefacts. This is also however the result of political pressure and ignorance from indigenous bantu people from 200 to 400 years ago, who erroneously believe that they were the first inhabitants of these sites, claiming it to be their sacred burial ground or other emotional outbursts. It is unfortunately the political muscle from the current political leadership that dictates our ability to expose the true ancient history of southern Africa. And since our academics at the universities are paid by the government, they are not prepared to bite the hand that feeds them, even if it means they have to promote what seem to be pseudo-science and half-truths. It therefore falls on the shoulders of independent scientists to expose these paramount discoveries.

Oldest City on Earth

It would not be unthinkable that we are possibly looking at the oldest settlements on Earth. Artefacts that have been recovered from these ruins show a long and extended period of settlement that spans well over 200,000 years. Over the past three decades several researchers have raised this issue only to be ridiculed and often ostracised. Many leading scientist and historians have since voiced their support for such ancient origins. Since southern Africa is the cradle of humankind, we should not be surprised to find such ruins, but we should rather expect these discoveries. The reality seems to be that we are dealing with what is possibly the largest and most mysterious ancient civilisation on Earth.

What were they doing?

It is important to note that the mysterious ruins of southern Africa, which include Great Zimbabwe and thousands of similar ruins in that country, also extend into Botswana, Zambia, Kenya and Mozambique. But why were these ancient people here in the first place? What were they doing?

The past 200 years has seen a number of explorers write in great detail about these ruins, but their findings have been largely forgotten and their books are out of print. Most of these early explorers write about thousands of ancient mine shafts found in close proximity to these ruins. In fact, most of these mines have been described as gold mines. Should we be surprised by this discovery? In personal experience and research I have found at least 5 ancient mine shafts in gold-rich areas and been told of dozens more by farmers from the area. It seems that gold mining has been going on here for a lot longer than most of us ever imagined.

How does Adam’s Calendar fit into the ancient ruin picture?

Adam’s Calendar is the flagship among these ruins because we can date this monolithic calendar with relative certainty to at least 75,000 years of age based on a number of scientific evaluations. In turn Adam’s Calendar points to the diverse ancient history of southern Africa and presents the first tangible evidence of the earliest humans in the ‘Cradle of humankind’.

The Orion Connection & The Hawk Head of Horus

This remarkable stone structure of Adam’s Calendar was originally a large circular structure resembling but predating Stonehenge by many thousands of years. Its original shape is still clearly visible from satellite images. Adam’s Calendar is built along the same 31 degree longitudinal line as Great Zimbabwe and the Great Pyramid of Giza. Three of the monoliths are aligned with the rise of Orion’s belt when it rose horizontally on the horizon some 75,000 years ago. A recent observation is that the fallen monolith on the outer circle that marks the vernal equinox sunrise is shaped like the Horus hawk head from Egypt and the resembles the Zimbabwe ruins birds. This is the oldest statue of the Horus hawk by a long shot and should attract great interest in the years to come. Adam’s Calendar takes us further back in time closer to the emergence of Homo sapiens, than any other structure ever found to date, and it will force historians and archaeologist to reconsider ancient human activity and consciousness.

Ancient Humans

Southern Africa holds some of the deepest mysteries in all of human history. Although much has been written about the first humans who appeared in this part of the world, we have found very little evidence of their activity or what they did and what kind of lives they led from around 250,000 years ago to 75,000 years ago. What we are told is that around 60,000 years ago the people from Africa began to migrate north and eventually populated the whole planet.

Who were these first humans?

What did they do?

How did they live?

And where did they disappear to?

The first signs of human intelligence and consciousness only appeared around 75 000 years ago, when the Khoisan people of southern Africa started leaving behind an array of spectacular cave paintings all over this part of the continent. Finely crafted beads and bracelet fragments found in a cave at Blombos in the Western Cape, South Africa, show that these early humans had already developed a feel for the arts and crafts.

The legends become even more vivid when we learn about the great empire of Monomotapa whose kings were powerful and wealthy in gold. When we move to around 1000 BC we encounter the mysterious Queen Sheba who ruled a kingdom in the lost land of Ophir, teeming with endless supplies of gold; and the wise and wealthy king Solomon who seduced Queen Sheba and obtained all his gold from her.

Is it possible that there really was such a place?

Was it really filled with limitless wealth in gold?

Was it here where the wealthiest kings on Earth got their gold?

This is after all the place where most of the gold in the world has been mined in modern history, and it was no different in ancient times. Is it a coincidence that the richest gold mine in the world today, Sheba Gold Mine, is located right here in Mpumalanga, South Africa? These may seem like na├»ve questions to some, but after witnessing the enormous ancient cities and civilisations in southern Africa myself, I am convinced that what we think we know about our ancient human history is further from the truth than we ever imagined. It is also important to note that the word ‘Ophir’ stems from the ancient near-eastern name for Africa which was ‘Afir’ or ‘Aphir’. This later led to the people of Africa being referred to as “K’Afir” and we all know where this expression led to.

Adam’s Calendar firmly places the many ancient ruins of southern Africa at a point in history that we modern humans have never faced before some 75,000 ago.

For more information or to purchase this book, simply click on the title Adam’s Calendar: Discovering the oldest man-made structure on Earth – 75,000 old

Title: Adam’s Calendar

Genre: Human History/Archaeology/Natural Sciences

Price: $25.95

Release: July 2008

Pages: 128 – Hard Cover Full Colour

Author: Johan Heine & Michael Tellinger

Publisher: Zulu Planet Publishers

USA Distributor: APG Nashville

ISBN: ISBN: 1-920153-07-1 ISBN13: 978-1-920153-07-6


Publisher e-mail:

UK Distributor: Gazelle Book Services (UK)

ISBN: ISBN: 1-920153-07-1 ISBN13: 978-1-920153-07-6



One Response to “Discovering the Oldest Man-made Structures on Earth”

  1. Human Anomalies and Earth-like Planets « Dad2059’s Webzine of Science Fiction, Science Fact and Esoterica on February 18th, 2009 7:08 pm

    […] Discovering the oldest man-made structures on Earth […]

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